时时彩票

迈进新时代的博士人才培养

作者: 时间: 2019-05-03 点击数:

 

qianyan

 

dangdeshijiudabaogaotichu“jiakuaiyiliudaxueheyiliuxuekejianshe,shixiangaodengjiaoyuneihanshifazhan”,zheishidangheguojiazaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijinruxinshidaideguanjianshiqiduigaodengjiaoyutichudexinyaoqiu。“shuangyiliu”jianshedehexinshigaozhiliang、gaocengcirencaipeiyang。boshiyanjiushengjiaoyuzuoweigaocengcichuangxinrencaipeiyangdezhuyaotujing,daibiaozheyigeguojiarencaipeiyangdegaodu。maijinxinshidaideboshirencaipeiyanggongzuo,chengdanzhexinshiming,mianlinzhexinjiyu,yeyingyouxinzuowei。

 

时时彩票   

 

01

新时代赋予博士人才培养新使命        

新中国建立以来,我国便开始了研究生教育,“文革”期间研究生教育中断,改革开放后恢复研究生教育,并进入了全面布点、形成规模效应的阶段。在新时代,博士人才培养要寻找出自己的新方位!作为国家发展的战略支撑,博士研究生教育是“高精尖缺”高层次人才的主要来源和培养国家科技创新生力军的主渠道,是国家核心竞争力的重要依托,博士研究生教育必须走在时代前列。

 

dangqian,woguogaodengjiaoyulingyuzhengzaijiakuaituijin“shuangyiliu”jianshe,zheishidangzhongyangzuochudezhongdazhanlvejuece。gaozhiliangdegaocengcirencaipeiyangshigaoxiaorencaipeiyangliantiaodegaoduan,jizhongtixianyisuoxuexiaoderencaipeiyangzonghenengliheqianyankaituonengli。boshiyanjiushengjiaoyujianfuzhepeiyugaosuzhichuangxinrencai、dazaoyiliudaoshiduiwu、goujianyiliuxueke、ningjuyiliuyanjiuchengguo、chuanchengwenhuafuwushehuideduozhongshiming,shixuexiaoxuekejianshehefazhandeyouxiaotujing,shixuekejiaocha、ronghe、chuangxindeyuanquan,zai“shuangyiliu”jianshezhongfahuizhebuketidaidezhongyaozuoyong。weici,gaoxiaoboshiyanjiushengjiaoyubixulvxianchongjishijieyiliushuiping。

 

peiyanggaoshuipingboshirencai,guanjianzaiyutishengboshiyanjiushengjiaoyuzhiliang。gaigekaifang40nianlai,woguoboshiyanjiushengjiaoyuqudelejushizhumudechengjiu,danhaiwufamanzushijieyiliudaxuedemubiaoyaoqiu,wufashiyingguojiazhanlvexuqiuhejingjishehuifazhandexuqiu,youqishi“gaojingjianque”boshichuangxinrencaikuifawentihaihentuchu。boshirencaiyuxueshubajianrencai、xingyeyingcai、zhiguodongliangzhijianshangweixingchengdenghao;yiliuboshirencaipeiyangdetizhijizhihaibugoukexuewanshan,yiliuboshirencaide“miaozi”shangweichongfentuoyingerchu;zaishijiezhongdakejichengguozhong,woguoboshirencaigongxianzhanbidi,yuguojiadiweibuxiangpipei。zheixiekunraowoguogaoshuipingboshirencaipeiyangde“nandian”“tongdian”,yanzhongzhiyuelewoguokejishuipingheguojijingzhenglidetisheng,buliyuguojiazhangyuanfazhan。yinci,yaotigaowoguoboshirencaipeiyangshuiping,peiyangchugengduofuhexinshidaifazhanxuyaode“gaojingjianque”youzhiboshirencai,jiubixubuduangaigeyurenjizhi,dalitigaoboshiyanjiushengjiaoyuzhiliang。

 

 

02

新时代带来博士人才培养新机遇        

 

当前,党和国家把建设教育强国作为中华民族伟大复兴的基础工程,把教育事业放在优先发展的战略地位,我国必将迎来“教育强国”的新时代,博士人才培养工作面临的重大历史机遇前所未有。

 

时时彩票zaijinnianlianghuishangxijinpingzongshujiqiangdiao,fazhanshidiyiyaowu,rencaishidiyiziyuan,chuangxinshidiyidongli。rencaizaiguojiafazhanzhongdezhongyaodiweijiangjinyibudedaozengqiang。guojiashishichuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlve、zhizaoqiangguozhanlveherencaiyouxianfazhanzhanlve,zhenggeguojiaheshehuijingjifazhandadaoxindegaodu,duigaoshuipingboshirencaidekeqiubiyiwangrenheshihoudougengjiaqianglie。guojiajiaoyutouruzhangdpbizhongduonianwendingzai4%yishang,xianhoutuichu“211”“985”“shuangyiliu”denggaodengjiaoyuzhongdajianshegongcheng;zhongdakexuejihuaxiangjishishi;maijinxinshidai,jiaoyubuyoushishiqidongle《boshiyanjiushengjiaoyuzonghegaigeshidian》gongzuo;boshishengguimozaizhiliangtishengdetiaojianxiazhubukuoda。zheixiedouwei时时彩票 peiyanggaoshuipingboshirencaichuangzaolejijiatiaojian。时时彩票 yaojinjinzhuazhuzheiyangdelishijiyu,chengshiershang、shunshierwei,baboshiyanjiushengjiaoyuzuoweipeiyang“gaojingjianque”gaocengcichuangxinrencaidegenbentujing,jijizhichengguojiachuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlve,zuidaxiandufahuiboshiyanjiushengjiaoyudechuangxinyinlingzuoyong。

 

 

03

新时代要求博士人才培养新作为        

 

中国特色社会主义进入新时代,对我国博士人才培养提出了新要求,这就是扎根中国大地,培养世界一流水平博士创新人才。

 

yaoshuliqizhongguobiaozhun。shijieyiliudaxuewububapeiyangyinlingweilaifazhandeyiliurencaizuoweibanxueliniandehexin,danduiyushenmeshiyiliurencai,bingmeiyoutongyibiaozhun。时时彩票 yaoqueliwoguode“shijieyiliu”mubiaoneihanjikaohezhibiao,zhidingzhongguozijideboshirencaipeiyangbiaozhun。yiliuboshirencaishouxianyaoyouzhengquedeshijieguan、renshengguanhejiazhiguan。daxueyaojianchiyurenweiben、deyuweixian,jianchibuxiedipeiyuhehongyangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan,yindaoboshiyanjiushengzuoshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguandejiandingxinyangzhe、jijichuanbozhe、mofanjianxingzhe。yiliuboshirencaiyaoyoujiaguoqinghuaiheguojishiye,buduanzengqiangminzuzizunxin、zixinxinhezihaogan,lizuyuzhonghuaminzuyuanyuanliuzhangdewenhuagenji,genghaodijinxingkuawenhuajiaowanghecanyuguojihezuoyujingzheng。yiliuboshirencaiyaoyouqiangliedekexuejingshenhechuangxinnengli,ganyujianshouxueshulixiang,yongyuzhuiqiukexuezhenli,ganyutiaozhankexuenanti,tiyiliudewenti,zuoyiliudexuewen,zuochuyiliudekeyanchengguo。

 

yaolizugaoshuipingkeyanpeiyanggaoshuipingboshirencai。gaoshuipingkexueyanjiuyuboshirencaipeiyangdemiqiejiehe、xianghucujin,jiyoulishiyuanyuan,yefuhedangdaikejiaofazhandekeguanguilv。yanjiushengjiaoyuzuizaokeyizhuisudao19shijichudedeguohongbaomoshi,quelilejiaoyupeiyanghekexueyanjiuxietongbingjudeyuanze。20shijizhonghouqi,guoneiwaizhumingdaxuekaishiyi“yanjiuxingdaxue”weimubiao,zhujianxingchengleyigaoshuipingkeyanyoushidaidongboshirencaipeiyangdezhidu。congguojigaodengjiaoyufazhandechenggongjingyankan,yikejiaoronghexietongyurenshizengqianggaoxiaoguojijingzhenglidebiranxuanze,yiyiliuyanjiupeiyangyiliuboshirencaishishijieyiliudaxuedegongtongxuanze。

 

goujiankejiaoronghexietongyurenjizhiyaoyikaojizhichuangxin。jutilaishuoshirencaipeiyanggongzuoyaoduijieguojiazhongdazhanlve、zhongdagongchengheweilaifazhanxuyao,yizhanlvexuqiuweidaoxiangpeiyangrencai,congyinlingguojiaweilaifazhanchufa,jijishiyingkexuejishuhechanyefazhandexintedian,youhuarencaidezhishinenglihesuzhijiegou,duixuekezhuanyehekechengtixijinxingzaisheji,tigaoxuekejiaocha、kuaxuekepeiyangdenenglihebili;jiaqiangchanxueyanjinmixietong,tansuojianlichuangxinlian、rencailian、chanyelianduijiejizhi,kaizhangengduoxingshiboshishengbajianchuangxinrencaipeiyangshiyan。

 

jinnianlai,fudandaxuezhudongduijieshanghaikechuangzhongxinjianshe,zaigoujiankejiaoronghexietongyurenjizhishangjinxingjijitansuo。xuexiaojianggaozhiliangboshishengpeiyangyu“zhangjiangfudanguojichuangxinzhongxin”jiansheduijie,yuguojirenleibiaoxingzuzhongdakexuejihua、naoyuleinaozhinengguojichuangxinzhongxinheweinadianziyuliangziguojichuangxinzhongxindengzhongdakejibujujinmijiehe。tongguomiaozhunguojiazhongdazhanlve、zhongdagongcheng、zhongdaxuqiu,jujiao“shuangyiliu”jianshemubiao,zhenzhengshixianjianggaoshuipingboshishengpeiyangyugaoshuipingkeyanyoujijiehe。weigoujiankejiaoronghexietongyurenjizhi,fudandaxuezhengzaiquanlituijinboshiyanjiushengjiaoyuzonghegaige,baokuogaigezhaoshengxuanbamoshi,tuiguangboshisheng“shenqing-kaohezhi”zhaoshengmoshi;quelifenleipeiyangjizhi,xueshuxingboshishengshixingzhangxuezhipeiyang,shixing“fenliutaotaizhi”;shishi“jizhi、keyan、daoshi”sanweitizhizhanlve;shishi“weilaixuezhejihua”,peiyuyanjiushengdekexuejingshendengdeng。tongguozonghegaige,kejiaoronghexietongyurenjizhigoujiangongzuozhengzaifudanquanmianzhankai,bijiangcujinboshishengdekeyannenglihechuangxinshuipingdequanmiantisheng。

 

时时彩票yaojiandingwenhuazixin,jiaqiangzhongwaihezuojiaoliu,zhuligaoshuipingboshirencaipeiyang。daxueshiyigeguojiajingshenwenhuadegaodi,tuidongwenhuadechuanchengyufanrongshiyiliudaxuebixujianfudeshiming。yiliuboshirencai,bujinyaojichenghefayangzhonghuaminzudeyouxiuchuantongwenhua,haiyaoyouwenhuachuanchengyuchuangxindenengli,nulichengweishijiewenmingjinbudejijituidongzhe。boshirencaipeiyangyaoyituoguojiazhengtiduiwaikaifangzhanlve,jijituijinzhongwaihezuoyujiaoliu。yaoyirenleimingyungongtongtigoujian、“yidaiyilu”jianshedengguojiazhanlvefazhanweiqiji,yiguojihezuoweiyituo,yilianhepeiyangweitujing,kuozhanboshishengguojishiye,quanmiantishengboshishengkuawenhualijie、jiaowanghejingzhengnengli。fudandaxuechenglileguojizhikuzhongxin,zaihaiwaijianshe“zhongguoyanjiuzhongxin”,goujianhangaishushigeguojiadezhikuwangluo,guangfanxishouhaineiwaifangwenxuezhe,shixianzhongguofazhanhequanqiuzhilidengzhongdawentideshuangxiangjiaohu,dajianzhikuwaijiaoherenwenjiaoliudezhongyaopingtai。zhikuzaifahuizhanlveyanjiu、zhengcejianyan、yulunyindao、gonggongwaijiaozhongyaogongnengdetongshi,yefahuizherencaipeiyangdegongneng。fudandaxuehaichengjian5jiajiaoyubuzhongwairenwenjiaoliuyanjiuzhongxin,goujianfudanban“zhongwairenwenhedaguoduihuajizhi”,zujian“fudan—lamei”daxuelianmeng,shanghailuntan、fudanxuezhexiangmudengyoulicujingaocengcideguojijiaoliu,weiboshirencaipeiyangtigonggengguangkuodepingtai。

 

zongeryanzhi,maijinxinshidaideboshiyanjiushengjiaoyuyaolizuguonei、guojilianggedaju,laogushuliweirenminfuwu、weizhongguogongchandangzhiguolizhengfuwu、weigongguhefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidufuwu、weigaigekaifangheshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshefuwudesixiang,luoshilideshurengenbenrenwu,yineihanfazhanweijibenlujing,zai“shuangyiliu”jianshetuijinguochengzhong,quanmiantishengboshirencaipeiyangzhiliang,peiyanggengduo“gaojingjianque”zhuanmenrencai,weizhonghuaminzuweidafuxingtigongrencaibaozhanghezhilizhicheng。

 

*本文作者系复旦大学校长 许宁生,刊于2018年4月号《中国研究生》杂志。

 

中国地质大学研究生院版权所有:时时彩票

时时彩票